Infrared heaters can be powered by electricity, natural gas, or propane. Different heaters will have different maximum output levels, different controls, and different designs. Infrared panels, typically used in homes, can be mounted on the wall or ceiling.
Some panels can be controlled with a thermostat controller in each room or by an app as part of a smart home, ensuring that you only heat the rooms you need heated, when you want them heated.
Whether infrared is an efficient option for you depends on the building you are heating and your circumstances. Because infrared heat heats objects, not the air, it is more efficient where there is a lot of air exchange, poor insulation or high ceilings. Their instant nature makes them a good option if you need instant heat. But it also means you get colder more quickly when the panel is switched off.
Infrared space panels will only warm areas directly in front of them, and you should make sure they are not obstructed by any objects. They can be cost-effective and energy-efficient options if you do not need to heat an entire house for long periods of time.
If you want to heat a whole house however, or if you move around a lot, then infrared heating may not be right for you.
Infrared panels do not pollute, they work silently, and the radiation emitted by these panels is safe. However, any infrared panel you buy should be CE marked, and it is always worthwhile asking the manufacturer what safety checks have been conducted on the product and if the product comes with any safety certificates